Failed To Start Nginx Service In Ubuntu

Failed to Start Nginx Service in Ubuntu

What is Nginx?

Nginx is an open-source web server written in C, designed for high performance and stability. Nginx is one of the most popular web servers used to host websites. It is also used as a reverse proxy, load balancing server, mail proxy server, HTTP cache, and more. Nginx is highly regarded for its scalability and efficiency and it is the most preferred web server by many of the top companies across the globe.

What is the cause of Nginx not Starting in Ubuntu?

The most common cause of Nginx not starting in Ubuntu is due to a change in the system settings. This could be due to a configuration error in the Nginx configuration files or a missing or corrupt package. Additionally, conflicts with other services can cause Nginx not to start. When attempting to start Nginx, an error message will make it clear what the issue is.

How to Troubleshoot a Failed Nginx Start Up?

In order to troubleshoot a failed Nginx start up in Ubuntu, you will need to first make sure all related packages are installed, and that the service is enabled. You can do this by running the following command in a terminal:

sudo apt-get install nginx

You may also need to run this command as superuser in order to bring up the Nginx service:

sudo service nginx start

Restarting Nginx Service

Once you have installed and enabled the Nginx service, you can try restarting it with the command:

sudo service nginx restart

This should restart the service and get it running again. If the service does not start after running the command, then you can try reloading the service with the command:

sudo service nginx reload

If this does not work, then you may need to check your Nginx configuration files to make sure that everything is set up correctly.

Checking System Logs

If you are still having trouble starting the Nginx service, then you should check the system’s log files. You can find the log files in the following directory:


The log files can be viewed using the command:

sudo cat /var/log/nginx/error.log

This will show you any errors that were encountered while the service was starting. This will give you clues as to why the service is not starting properly. From here, you can make any necessary changes to get the service to start again.

Using Systemd

Another way to start Nginx is by using systemd. Systemd is a suite of software tools for managing Linux systems, such as controlling processes, services, devices, and user logins. To start Nginx using systemd, you can use the command:

sudo systemctl start nginx.service

This will start the Nginx service on Ubuntu. In some cases, you may need to enable the service for it to start on boot. You can do this by running the command:

sudo systemctl enable nginx.service


Q: How do I install Nginx on Ubuntu?

A: You can install Nginx on Ubuntu with the command:

sudo apt-get install nginx

Q: How do I restart Nginx?

A: You can restart Nginx with the command:

sudo service nginx restart

Q: How can I check the Nginx system logs?

A: You can check the Nginx system logs by running the command:

sudo cat /var/log/nginx/error.log


In conclusion, Nginx is an open-source web server written in C that is used to host websites. The most common issue that can make it fail to start is due to a change in the system settings. This can be fixed by making sure all related packages are installed and enabled, and then restarting and reloading the service. Additionally, checking the system’s log files and using systemd can help start the Nginx service in Ubuntu.

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