Google Cloud Install Nginx Php

Google Cloud Install Nginx Php

What is Nginx and Php?

Nginx, or Engine-X, is a high performance web server and reverse proxy that can be used as a web server for static websites and content. Nginx is a powerful and open source server that can handle a variety of tasks. It is well suited for high-traffic websites and can be used to provide fast response times. Additionally, it is used as a reverse proxy, which means it can pass requests from one server to another. It’s also commonly used as a load balancer.

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a scripting language originally designed for web development to produce dynamic web pages. It has evolved to include a command-line interface capability and can be used in standalone graphical applications. PHP can be deployed on most web servers, embedded into HTML, and is commonly used for web content management systems, database access, and server-side scripting. It has excellent resources and user base for help and support.

How to Install Nginx and Php on Google Cloud?

Installing Nginx and PHP on Google Cloud is a straightforward process. First, you’ll need to create a Virtual Machine (VM) instance on Google Cloud using the Compute Engine. Once your VM is ready, SSH into it and install Nginx. Installation is simple and should not take very long. After Nginx is installed, you can install and enable PHP. It’s important to note that you need to install both the PHP FPM package and the Nginx module in order to have a working Nginx-PHP setup.

Before starting, make sure to update apt-get with the command sudo apt-get update. This will ensure that you have the latest versions of packages installed. Then run, sudo apt-get install nginx to install Nginx with the default configuration. You can test the Nginx installation by visiting the public IP address of your VM.

Once you have verified that Nginx is running correctly, it’s time to install PHP and the Nginx module. Install the PHP FPM package with the command, sudo apt-get install php5-fpm and the Nginx module with the command, sudo apt-get install php5-fpm-nginx-module. Once both packages are installed, you will need to configure Nginx. The configuration file is normally located in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.

Add the following lines to your nginx.conf file:

  • location ~ .php$ {
  • fastcgi_pass;
  • fastcgi_index index.php;
  • fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
  • include fastcgi_params;
  • }

On Ubuntu, you may also need to edit the PHP configuration in /etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf and set listen = instead of listen = /var/run/php5-fpm.sock. Then start the Nginx service as follows:

  • sudo service nginx restart
  • sudo service php5-fpm restart

Create a PHP file in the web root directory with the following contents and name it info.php:

  • phpinfo();
  • ?>

Visit http://your-server-ip/info.php to see the PHP information. You should see a page that tells you that PHP is running correctly on your server. Congratulations, you’ve successfully set up Nginx and PHP with Google Cloud.

How to Secure Nginx and Php?

Once you’ve installed Nginx and PHP, you should take some steps to secure them. The best way to do this is with TLS/SSL encryption. Google Cloud has a built-in tool that makes creating and managing certificates simple. First, you’ll need to generate a certificate signing request (CSR) file with the command:

  • sudo openssl req -new -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout -out

Next, you’ll need to upload the CSR file and have it signed with a trusted Certificate Authority. Once it’s signed, you can download the certificate and install it on your server. To do this, create a directory in your Nginx configuration folder (/etc/nginx/ssl/) and copy the certificate and key files to that directory.

Now you can configure Nginx to use the SSL/TLS encryption. In your Nginx configuration file, add the following lines:

  • ssl on;
  • ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/;
  • ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/;
  • ssl_protocols TLSv1.2;

After you’ve done this, you should restart Nginx and test the configuration. Visit your website using HTTPS instead of HTTP and make sure that it is working properly. You can also check the security of your website using online scanners such as Qualys SSL Labs or SSL Server Test.

How to Optimize Nginx and Php?

You can optimize your Nginx and PHP setup for better performance. This involves editing your Nginx configuration, PHP configuration, and web application code to optimize the performance of your web server. It’s important to note that the steps you take to optimize depend on the specific application you are running. Here are some of the most important steps you should take to optimize Nginx and PHP:

  • Enable gzip compression – Compressing data can reduce the amount of data that needs to be transferred to the client.
  • Enable caching – Caching reduces the amount of web requests that need to be made for the same data.
  • Optimize PHP – Examine your PHP code and ensure that it is written efficiently.
  • Tune Nginx – Tweak the configuration of your Nginx server to get the best performance.

These are just a few of the steps you can take to optimize Nginx and PHP. Be sure to take the time to properly optimize your web server for better performance.


Installing and configuring Nginx and PHP on Google Cloud is simple and straightforward. Once you have a working setup, be sure to take the time to secure and optimize it for better performance. Lastly, take the time to learn about the different features and settings available to you to get the most out of your server setup.

Thank you for reading this article

Feel free to read other articles available at the blog. Thanks again for reading this article.


How do I install Nginx and PHP on Google Cloud?

Installing Nginx and PHP on Google Cloud is a straightforward process. First, you’ll need to create a Virtual Machine (VM) instance on

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