How To Debian Nginx Php

How To Debian Nginx Php

Step 1 – Setup Your VPS

The first step to setting up your web server is getting your VPS (Virtual Private Server). This is usually done through a web host provider of your choice and you can usually choose from a variety of Linux distributions. In this tutorial, we will assume you have selected Debian, but if you opted for a different distribution, the steps may be slightly different.

Step 2 – Firewall Configuration

Now that you have your VPS set up, the next step is configuring your firewall to allow incoming connections. This can be done using iptables or firewalld if you are using Debian. Both of them can be used to deny unwanted incoming connections while allowing the ones you want to access the system (such as SSH, web, FTP and email).

Step 3 – Install Nginx

Now that your firewall is set up, you can go ahead and install Nginx (pronounced Engine-X). Nginx is a web server software that is used to host websites and serves content over the web. To install it on Debian, you will need to run the “apt-get install” command from the terminal and use the “–yes” option to confirm the installation.

Step 4 – Configure Nginx

After Nginx is installed, you will need to configure it to serve webpages. This process can be done by modifying the various configuration files located in /etc/nginx/. You can also use the nginx-config command to modify the settings. With the nginx-config command, you can enable and configure various features including setting up virtual hosts, configuring SSL/TLS certificates, adding and removing server blocks and more.

Step 5 – Install PHP

Next, we need to install PHP which is a scripting language and is the backbone of most dynamic web applications. To install PHP on Debian, you can use the apt-get command once again and follow the prompts. After PHP is installed, you can start configuring the various settings such as the timezone and memory limit.

Step 6 – Install MySQL (optional)

If you plan on using a database for your web application, you will need to install MySQL. You can install it using the apt-get command as well and it is fairly straightforward. Once installed, you can start setting up the database and running various SQL scripts to create the structure of the database.


Setting up a LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MySQL and PHP) server may seem intimidating at first, but with the right knowledge and guidance, it can be done quite easily. By following the above steps, you should be able to have your server up and running in no time!

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q: What is a VPS?

A: A VPS (Virtual Private Server) is a type of hosting which provides a dedicated environment for your web server, which allows for more control over the server and the ability to customize it to your needs.

Q: What is Nginx used for?

A: Nginx is a web server software that is used to serve web pages and content over the web. It is one of the most popular web servers and can serve static, dynamic and media content.

Q: What is PHP?

A: PHP is a scripting language used to create dynamic web applications. It is one of the most popular scripting languages and is used in millions of websites worldwide.

Q: What is MySQL used for?

A: MySQL is a popular open-source database management system. It is used to store data and can be used in conjunction with PHP to create dynamic web applications.

Thank you for reading this article. We hope you found it informative and helpful in setting up your own LEMP server. If you have any further questions, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us!