How To Install Nginx Debian 9.7
Step 1: Setting Up the Server
The first step in the installation of Nginx on Debian 9.7 is to set up the server. This involves selecting the desired operating system, installing all necessary packages, and configuring the necessary settings. To begin, download the latest stable version of Debian 9.7 from the official website. Once the file has been downloaded, launch the installation process by double-clicking the .deb file. During the installation process, you will be asked to choose the desired language, time zone, and other customization options. Once the installation is complete, the server should be ready for operation.
Step 2: Installing the Packages
The next step is to install the necessary packages for Nginx on Debian 9.7. This includes the nginx package, which can be installed using the apt command. To do this, open a terminal window and enter the following command:
sudo apt-get install nginx
Once the installation is complete, the Nginx service should be started automatically. To verify that Nginx is running, enter the following command:
sudo nginx –t
If the command returns a success message, then the Nginx server has been successfully installed. At this point, it is important to ensure that the server is properly configured with the correct settings.
Step 3: Configuring the Nginx Server
The next step is to configure the Nginx server. This is done by editing the configuration file located at /etc/nginx/nginx.conf. To make the necessary changes, open the file in an editor such as vi and adjust the settings as desired.
For example, if you wish to change the default root directory, simply place the correct path in the “root” directive. Additionally, if you want to enable gzip compression, simply add the following to the server block:
Finally, if you wish to enable access control, the following code snippet will allow only certain IP addresses to connect to the server:
Once the desired settings have been made, save the file and restart the Nginx server by entering the following command:
sudo systemctl restart nginx
Step 4: Setting Up the Firewall
For added security, it is recommended to set up a firewall to allow only certain connections. This is done using the UncomplicatedFirewall (UFW) application. To install UFW, enter the following command:
sudo apt-get install ufw
Once the application is installed, enter the following command to enable the firewall:
sudo ufw enable
Once the firewall is enabled, you can configure the firewall rules as desired. To do this, enter the following command:
sudo ufw allow ‘Nginx Full’
This will open all the necessary ports for incoming connections. Once the configuration is complete, enter the following command to apply the new rules:
sudo ufw reload
Step 5: Testing the Installation
Once the server is configured, it is important to test the installation to verify that everything is working as expected. This involves accessing the Nginx server from another computer. To do this, enter the server’s public IP address in a web browser. If everything is set up correctly, you should see the default Nginx page.
Installing Nginx on Debian 9.7 is a relatively simple process. By following the steps outlined in this article, you should be able to quickly and easily set up your own Nginx server. While there may be some customization involved, the process should only take a few minutes. Good luck!
Q1. How do I enable gzip compression?
A1. To enable gzip compression, simply add the following to the server block in the configuration file: gzip on;
Q2. How do I set up a firewall for Nginx?
A2. The UncomplicatedFirewall (UFW) application can be used to set up a firewall for Nginx. To enable the firewall, simply enter the following command: sudo ufw enable.
Q3. How do I test the installation of Nginx?
A3. To test the installation of Nginx, simply enter the server’s public IP address in a web browser. If everything is set up correctly, you should see the default Nginx page.
Thank you for reading this article. Please check out our other articles for more information on setting up a web server with Nginx.