Install Nginx 1.17 Centos 8
Introduction to Nginx
Nginx is one of the most popular web servers in the world. It is reliable, free, and open source software. It is used for managing large-scale web applications, which can include load balancing, virtual hosting, and reverse proxy services. The latest version of Nginx is 1.17, and it is included in all distributions of the Centos 8 operating system.
Prerequisites for Installing Nginx 1.17 on Centos 8
Before you begin the installation process of Nginx 1.17 on Centos 8, it is important that you meet the following prerequisites:
- A working Centos 8 installation
- A valid internet connection
- A user with root privileges (e.g. “sudo”)
Steps to Install Nginx 1.17 on Centos 8
Here are the steps you need to follow to install Nginx 1.17 on Centos 8:
- Update the system’s package repository:
sudo yum -y update
- Create a new nginx user account for security purposes:
sudo useradd -m -U -s /bin/bash -G wheel nginx
- Create a new Nginx repository config file:
sudo nano /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo
- Copy and paste the following contents into the repository config file:
[nginx] name=NGINX repository
- Install Nginx 1.17 on Centos 8:
sudo yum -y install nginx-1.17
- Start the Nginx service:
sudo systemctl start nginx
- Enable the Nginx service to run on boot:
sudo systemctl enable nginx
Testing the Installation of Nginx 1.17 on Centos 8
Once the installation is complete, it is recommended that you test the Nginx server to ensure that it is working properly. You can do this by running the below command:
sudo nginx -V
If the output of the command shows the version of Nginx as 1.17, then the installation was successful.
Configuring Nginx on Centos 8
Once you have installed and tested Nginx on Centos 8, it is time to configure it to run your web application. This can be done by modifying the Nginx configuration file.
Open the Nginx configuration file with the following command:
sudo nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
Here, you can change the values of server name and port, as well as some other options, to match your requirements. You can also include your own configuration directives here. Once you have made the changes, save and exit the file. Finally, restart the Nginx service to activate the changes:
sudo systemctl restart nginx
Troubleshooting Common Nginx Issues on Centos 8
Although Nginx is generally reliable, some users may encounter issues while running Nginx on Centos 8. Most of these issues can usually be resolved by restarting the Nginx service, but here are some other troubleshooting steps you can take:
- Check the Nginx log files for errors. The log files are located in /var/log/nginx/
- Check the Nginx configuration file for any errors.
- Check the server’s firewall settings and ensure that the incoming port for Nginx is open.
FAQs – Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some frequently asked questions related to the installation of Nginx 1.17 on Centos 8:
- How do I know if Nginx is installed correctly?
You can check the version of Nginx by running the command “sudo nginx -V”. If the output shows the version as 1.17, then the installation was successful.
- Where is the Nginx configuration file located?
The Nginx configuration file is located in the directory /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.
- Where can I find the Nginx log files?
The Nginx log files are located in the directory /var/log/nginx/.
In this article, we have discussed how to install Nginx 1.17 on Centos 8, how to test the installation, how to configure Nginx and how to troubleshoot any issues. We have also included a list of frequently asked questions related to the installation. If you have any questions, please feel free to reach out for help.
Thank you for reading this article. Please consider reading our other articles for more information and tips on Linux and Centos 8.