Multi Host In Nginx Debian 9
Nginx is a web server that can be used for hosting multiple websites on a single server. This guide will help you set up multiple host sites on a Debian 9 server running Nginx. Nginx is an open source, high-performance web server that can be used for hosting both static and dynamic websites. It is a popular choice for web hosting because of its stability, scalability, and reliability. With Nginx, you can host multiple dynamic and static websites on a single server, allowing for better resource utilization and improved performance.
Before you can configure multiple host sites on a Debian 9 server with nginx, you will need to ensure the following prerequisites are met:
- A fresh instance of a Debian 9 server
- A domain name with registered domain nameservers
- Nginx installed on the server
If you do not have a fresh instance of a Debian 9 server or have not already installed Nginx, you can follow our guide on how to install Nginx on a Debian 9 server.
Configuring Multi-Host on Nginx
Once you have met the prerequisites, you will need to open the Nginx configuration file. The configuration file is located in the /etc/nginx/nginx.conf directory. To open the configuration file, use the nano or vim text editor:
Once you have opened the configuration file, you will need to uncomment the include directive. The include directive is responsible for including any additional configuration files stored in the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory. To uncomment the include directive, you will need to delete the “#” symbol that precedes it. After you have uncommented the include directive, save and close the configuration file.
Creating Virtual Hosts
After you have uncommented the include directive in the nginx configuration file, you can begin creating virtual host files. These files allow you to configure specific settings for each domain you will be hosting on the server. To create a virtual host file, navigate to the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory:
Once you are in the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory, you will need to create a virtual host file. You can create the virtual host file using the touch command:
Once you have created the virtual host file, you will need to open the file and paste the following content into it:
server_name domain.com www.domain.com;
Be sure to replace the domain.com with the actual domain name of the website you are hosting. The root directive specifies the document root of the website. This is the directory that stores the HTML files of the website. The index directive specifies the name of the HTML file that will be displayed when a user visits the website.
Adding Domain Nameservers
Once you have created the virtual host file, you will need to configure your domain’s nameservers. You will need to add your server’s IP address as the nameservers for the domain. If you are using NameCheap as your domain registrar, you can follow our guide on how to edit DNS records on NameCheap. If you are using another registrar, you will need to consult their documentation on how to add a custom nameserver.
Testing Multi-Host Configuration
Once you have added your domain’s nameservers, you can test the multi-host configuration. To test the configuration, you will need to restart the nginx service:
systemctl restart nginx
Now, enter the domain name into the web browser, and you should see the website you have created. If you see the website, this means that the multi-host site has been successfully set up.
In this guide, we have shown you how to set up multiple host sites on a Debian 9 server running Nginx. We showed you how to configure the Nginx configuration file, create virtual host files, and add the domain’s nameservers. We also showed you how to test the multi-host configuration by restarting the Nginx service and entering the domain name into the web browser. We hope this guide has been helpful.
Q1: What is Nginx?
A1: Nginx is a high-performance web server that can be used for hosting both static and dynamic websites.
Q2: What is a virtual host?
A2: A virtual host is a configuration file that allows you to configure specific settings for each domain you will be hosting on the server.
Q3: Is Nginx a good choice for hosting multiple websites?
A3: Yes, Nginx is a great choice for hosting multiple websites due to its stability, scalability, and reliability.
Q4: How do I test the multi-host configuration?
A4: To test the multi-host configuration, you will need to restart the nginx service and enter the domain name into the web browser.
Thank you for reading this article; please read our other articles for more information and helpful tips.