Nginx Mariadb Phpmyadmin Php5-Fpm Debian Jessie
Configuring Nginx on Debian Jessie
Nginx is a web server that is used to serve both static and dynamic content to web clients. Installing Nginx on Debian Jessie is a fairly simple process. To begin, install the nginx package from the Debian Jessie repositories.
Once the package is installed, you will need to configure Nginx. To do this, open up the main configuration file, usually located at /etc/nginx/nginx.conf. This file will contain all of the directives that control how Nginx handles requests from web clients.
Within this file, there are several important directives that you will need to configure. The first is the server_name directive, which tells Nginx which domain or subdomain to listen for. This should be set to the domain of your website, such as example.com or www.example.com.
The next important directive is the root directive, which tells Nginx which directory should be used as the document root. This is the directory where all of your website files will be stored. Make sure to set this to the correct location, such as /var/www/example.com/public_html/.
Once these directives have been set, you can start up or restart Nginx and begin serving requests. Make sure to check the nginx error log, usually located at /var/log/nginx/error.log, for any errors that may have been encountered during startup.
Configuring MariaDB on Debian Jessie
MariaDB is a powerful open-source relational database. Installing MariaDB on Debian Jessie is similar to installing Nginx. Begin by installing the mariadb-server package from the Debian Jessie repositories.
Once the package is installed, run the mysql_secure_installation command to set a root password. When setting the root password, be sure to use a strong password that contains a mix of upper and lower case letters, numbers, and special characters.
After setting the root password, you will want to create a database user for your website. To do this, log in to the MariaDB command-line interface using the root user. Once logged in, you can create a user with the create user command, specifying the username, host, and password for the user.
Finally, you will want to grant the necessary privileges to the user. To do this, use the grant command. Specify the privileges that the user should have, such as the ability to select, insert, update, and delete records from the database.
Installing phpMyAdmin on Debian Jessie
phpMyAdmin is a web-based graphical interface for administering MariaDB databases. Installing phpMyAdmin on Debian Jessie is relatively simple. Begin by downloading the phpMyAdmin package from its official website.
Once the package is downloaded and extracted, move the entire phpMyAdmin folder to the document root of your web server, usually located at /var/www/example.com/public_html/.
Next, create a configuration file in the phpMyAdmin directory. To do this, copy the config.sample.inc.php file to config.inc.php. Open up the config.inc.php file and set the appropriate values for the authentication type, database name, user name, and password.
Once the configuration file is set, you can open up the phpMyAdmin interface in a web browser. phpMyAdmin should now be able to connect to the database and allow you to manage the database with an easy to use graphical interface.
Installing PHP5-FPM on Debian Jessie
When running web applications, you will want to use a web server-side scripting language such as PHP or Perl. One of the most popular and widely used scripting languages is PHP. To install PHP on Debian Jessie, you will need to install the php5-fpm package.
Once the package is installed, open up the FPM configuration file located at /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini. This file contains all of the directives that control how PHP behaves. One of the most important directives is the cgi.fix_pathinfo directive, which specifies how PHP should handle requests for PHP scripts. Make sure this directive is set to 1.
Finally, make sure to enable the FPM service by running the command sudo systemctl enable php5-fpm. This will start the FPM service when the machine is restarted. Once complete, you should be able to use PHP with your web server.
Connecting Nginx and PHP-FPM on Debian Jessie
Now that you have installed Nginx, MariaDB, phpMyAdmin, and PHP-FPM on Debian Jessie, you will need to configure Nginx to use PHP-FPM for serving PHP webpages. To do this, open up the Nginx configuration file, usually located at /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.
Within this file, locate the http context, which contains the directives that control how Nginx handles requests from web clients. Within this context, add the following types of directives.
The first is the fastcgi_pass directive, which tells Nginx which address and port FPM is listening for connections. The second is the fastcgi_param directive, which sets the relevant environment variables for each request. Finally, the php_flag directive is used to set the fastcgi.conf values for each request.
Once complete, restart Nginx and check the error log. You should now be able to serve both static and dynamic content from your web server.
This article has provided a brief overview of how to install and configure Nginx, MariaDB, phpMyAdmin, and PHP-FPM on Debian Jessie. Care must be taken when setting up these components, as incorrect configurations can lead to server instability and security vulnerabilities.
Thank you for reading this article. We hope this article has been helpful in providing information on setting up Nginx Mariadb Phpmyadmin and PHP-FPM on Debian Jessie. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to comment below.