Nginx 1.10 3 Ubuntu
Overview of Nginx
Nginx (“engine x”) is an open source web server created by Russian software engineer Igor Sysoev and launched in 2004. It is used mainly as a reverse-proxy server, or as a mail proxy server, and can also be used to serve static files and handle server-side applications. Nginx offers an impressive list of features, such as full request and response mirroring, page caching, content compression, protocol management and much more.
Originally developed for the Unix platform, Nginx is now available for a wide range of operating systems, including Windows, AIX, Linux, Solaris, macOS, and FreeBSD. The current stable version, Nginx 1.10.3, is a product of over a decade of work and is regularly updated. Additionally, Nginx can be used in a variety of web applications, from blogs to gaming sites.
Installing Nginx on Ubuntu
Installation on Ubuntu happens through the command line, with commands such as ‘apt-get’. To begin the process, enter the command ‘sudo apt-get update’ into the terminal. This will update the list of packages available on the system and allow you to access the most up-to-date software. The next command, ‘sudo apt-get install nginx’, will install Nginx.
If you would like to open your server to the public, and therefore allow anyone to access your website, you’ll need to open port 80 to external connections. This is done using the iptables program. To open port 80, you would run the command ‘sudo iptables -I INPUT -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT’.
Nginx works with the types of virtual hosting it is given instructions to, including hosts being accessed via IP address and URL address. To configure the server, you can edit the /etc/nginx/sites-available/default file. Many modules are available to allow greater configuration; for example, a configuration can be set up as a reverse-proxy to an application server and a web server.
Whenever the configuration needs to be changed, the command to reload Nginx is ‘sudo service nginx reload’. When you need to stop Nginx completely, use the command ‘sudo service nginx stop’ followed by ‘sudo service nginx start’. This will make sure your configuration changes are effective.
Nginx 1.10.3 Security Features
Nginx 1.10.3 has a variety of security features meant to protect servers from malicious users. For example, it has built-in support for TLS v1.2 and HTTP2, which adds extra encryption layers and limits the amount of data transmitable in a single request. It also provides facilities for blocking certain IP addresses from accessing the sites running either on it or proxied through it. Additionally, malware scanning can be used to scan the served content for any malicious code.
One particularly noteworthy feature is its “Real IP” support. This allows Nginx to detect the real client IP address, even when requests are passed through a cloud load balancer or a reverse-proxy server. This can help in the blocking of malicious actors, as well as improving the accuracy of analytics.
Nginx has a fast caching system that can be used to improve the speed of dynamic sites. The cache can be configured in the /etc/nginx/conf.d/nginx.conf file. You can also configure the caching parameters in the /etc/nginx/nginx.conf file.
For static content, Nginx supports Gzip compression. This can reduce the size of your static content, ultimately making your site load significantly faster. Gzip compression can be enabled in the /etc/nginx/nginx.conf file.
Q: What is Nginx?
A: Nginx is an open source web server created by Russian software engineer Igor Sysoev and launched in 2004.
Q: What versions of Nginx are available?
A: The current stable version is Nginx 1.10.3, but it is regularly updated.
Q: How do I install Nginx on Ubuntu?
A: Nginx is installed through the command line, with commands such as ‘apt-get’.
Nginx is a powerful and versatile web server with a variety of features. It is relatively easy to install and configure, and is widely used to serve dynamic and static content. Nginx 1.10.3 has built-in security features, which can help protect servers from malicious actors, and performance-tuning features that can help improve the speed of dynamic sites. Thank you for reading this article. Please read other articles.