How To Install Nginx On Debian 10
In this guide, we will show how to install Nginx on a Debian 10 server. Nginx (pronounced “engine-x”) is an open source web server and a reverse proxy for HTTP, SMTP, POP3 and IMAP protocols, with a strong focus on high concurrency, performance and low memory usage. It is one of the most popular web servers in the world and is responsible for hosting some of the largest and highest-traffic sites on the internet.
Nginx is a robust web server with numerous features that make it a great choice for hosting web applications. It has a low memory footprint, as well as built-in caching capabilities that improve web performance. It also offers HTTP/2 and TLS 1.3 support, making it an excellent option for those looking for maximum speed and security.
Before beginning with this guide, you should have a freshly configured instance of Debian 10 with root access. Make sure your system is up-to-date by running the following commands:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
Install Nginx on Debian 10
In this section, we will install Nginx on Debian 10 from the official repository. To do this, we will need to install a few dependencies first. Run the following command to install the required dependencies:
sudo apt-get install curl gnupg2
Once the dependencies are installed, we can add the Nginx repository to our server using the following command:
curl -fsSL http://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key | sudo apt-key add –
Next, add the Nginx repository to our sources list using the following command:
echo “deb http://nginx.org/packages/debian/ buster nginx” | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx.list
Now, update the apt cache and install the Nginx package using the following commands:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nginx
Configure Nginx on Debian 10
By default, the Nginx service is disabled. To enable it, run the following command:
sudo systemctl enable nginx
Once enabled, start the Nginx service using the following command:
sudo systemctl start nginx
You can also use the command below to stop or restart the Nginx service:
sudo systemctl stop nginx
sudo systemctl restart nginx
Verify Nginx Installation on Debian 10
When you have successfully installed Nginx on Debian 10, you can test your installation by visiting your server’s IP address in a web browser. You should be greeted with the Nginx default page which looks like the image shown below.
Configure Nginx Server Blocks
Nginx Server Blocks allow you to host multiple websites on a single server. This is done by adding a server block for each website, and setting a different document root and domain name. To begin configuring a server block, open the configuration file using your text editor of choice:
sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default
Next, you will need to configure the server block for your website. To do this, you will need to choose a domain name and set the document root to the directory that contains your website’s files. Once you have done this, you can save and close the file.
Test Nginx Configuration
Once you have edited the configuration file, you can test it for any syntax errors by running the following command:
sudo nginx -t
If the command shows that the syntax is ok, you can then reload Nginx to apply the changes you have made. To do this, run the following command:
sudo systemctl reload nginx
In this article, we have shown how to install and configure Nginx on a Debian 10 server. We have also explained how to create server blocks to host multiple websites. We hope you have found this guide to be useful.
Q: What is Nginx?
A: Nginx (pronounced “engine-x”) is an open source web server and a reverse proxy for HTTP, SMTP, POP3 and IMAP protocols, with a strong focus on high concurrency, performance and low memory usage.
Q: What is an Nginx server block?
A: Nginx Server Blocks allow you to host multiple websites on a single server. This is done by adding a server block for each website, and setting a different document root and domain name.
Q: What is the command to reload Nginx?
A: The command to reload Nginx is: sudo systemctl reload nginx.
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