Install Nginx In Ubuntu 16.04

Install Nginx In Ubuntu 16.04

Overview of Nginx

Nginx (pronounced “engine-x”) is an open-source Web server that is designed to provide a balance of flexibility, performance, and scalability. It is often used as a reverse proxy for HTTP, HTTPS, SMTP, POP3, and IMAP protocols, as well as a load balancer and HTTP cache. Nginx is a popular Web server and can be used to serve static web pages, such as HTML and images, as well as dynamic web pages using languages such as PHP, Python, and Perl. It is also used to serve video and audio streams and as a web server for applications such as webmail, MediaWiki, and more.

It is important to note that Nginx is designed to use very little memory and system resources to be fast and efficient. Nginx is usually installed and configured in Linux and is very easy to install and manage. The version of Nginx that is available for installation in Ubuntu 16.04 is 1.10.3.

Prerequisites for Installing Nginx

Before you can install Nginx in Ubuntu 16.04, there are some prerequisites that need to be met. First, you need to be sure that Ubuntu 16.04 is running on your system. You can use the command lsb_release -a to verify this. Next, you need to be sure that you have root or sudo access to your system, as some of the commands you will execute during the installation process require the root user privileges. Finally, you should make sure that you have the latest version of openssl installed on your system. This is necessary as Nginx requires openssl to support TLS/SSL encryption.

Steps for Installing Nginx

The first step is to add the Nginx package repository to your system. To do this, we need to run the following command as the root user:

add-apt-repository ppa:nginx/stable

When prompted to confirm the addition of the nginx repository, press ENTER to continue. After the repository has been added, we need to update our package list and install Nginx. To do this, we need to run the following command:

apt-get update && apt-get install nginx

Once the installation is complete, we can start the Nginx service and enable it to start automatically upon system boot. To do this, run the following command:

systemctl start nginx && systemctl enable nginx

Now that Nginx is installed and running, we can verify that it is working properly. To do this, open a browser and navigate to http://localhost or If Nginx is working properly, you should see the default Nginx landing page.

Configuring Nginx

After Nginx is installed, you can configure it for your needs. Nginx is configured by editing the nginx.conf file. The configuration file is located in the /etc/nginx/ directory. This file is very well documented and provides descriptions for each option. There are many options that can be modified, such as setting timeouts, setting documents roots, enabling or disabling modules, and much more. It is important to note that you should be very careful when editing this file, as a misconfiguration can cause serious issues or prevent Nginx from working properly.

Managing Nginx

Once Nginx is installed and configured, you can manage it using the service command. The most commonly used service commands for Nginx are listed below:

  • systemctl start nginx – Starts the Nginx service
  • systemctl stop nginx – Stops the Nginx service
  • systemctl restart nginx – Restarts the Nginx service
  • systemctl reload nginx – Reloads the Nginx configuration without disrupting active connections

These commands can be used to manage the Nginx service and should be used when configuring and testing Nginx.


In this article, we have discussed how to install and configure Nginx in Ubuntu 16.04. We discussed the prerequisites for installation, the steps needed to install Nginx, and how to manage the Nginx service. We also discussed how to configure Nginx and cite various configuration options.


  • What is Nginx? – Nginx is an open-source web server that is designed to provide a balance of flexibility, performance, and scalability.
  • Where is the Nginx configuration file located? – The Nginx configuration file is located in the /etc/nginx/ directory.
  • What is the command to start the Nginx service? – The command to start the Nginx service is systemctl start nginx.

Thank you for reading this article. Please read other articles to learn more.

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