Nginx Mariadb Php Fpm Debian8 Mariadb
Introduction to the Setup
Nginx, MariaDB, and PHP are all popular tools for web development. Nginx is a web server, MariaDB is an open-source database system, and PHP is a scripting language. The combination of these three makes for a powerful and versatile environment for web development.
The setup described in this article is for a standard Debian 8 operating system, specifically Jessie. Although other versions of Debian may be used, the instructions below focus on Debian 8.
The tools we will be using are Nginx, MariaDB, and PHP-FPM. Nginx is used for web traffic, MariaDB is used as an SQL database, and PHP-FPM handles the scripting.
The first step is to install MariaDB. Debian 8 comes with MariaDB 5.5 preinstalled. To install the latest MariaDB version on Debian 8, run this command in your terminal:
~$ su - apt-get install mariadb-server
You will be prompted to enter the MariaDB root user password. Enter a strong password and then select “y” to confirm the installation.
Once the installation is complete, start the MariaDB server using the following command:
~$ sudo service mysql start
The next step is to install Nginx. To do this, run the following command in your terminal:
~$ sudo apt-get install nginx
Once the installation is complete, start the Nginx server by running the following command:
~$ sudo service nginx start
The next step is to install PHP-FPM. Debian 8 comes with PHP 5.6 preinstalled. To install PHP-FPM, run the following command in your terminal:
~$ sudo apt-get install php5-fpm
Once the installation is complete, start the PHP-FPM server using the following command:
~$ sudo service php5-fpm start
The next step is to configure Nginx so that it will work correctly with MariaDB and PHP-FPM. To do this, we need to edit the Nginx configuration file. This file is located in the directory “/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default”.
Open the file using a text editor like nano or vim:
~$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
Ensure that the following lines are present in the configuration file:
- location block for PHP files
- fastcgi_param directive for PHP
- Access log for PHP files
- Error log for PHP files
Save the changes and exit the text editor. Finally, restart the Nginx server:
~$sudo service nginx restart
Now that everything has been installed and configured, we can test the setup to ensure that it is working correctly. To do this, create a simple PHP file in the directory “/var/www/html/”. This directory is the root directory for your web server.
Create the file using a text editor like nano or vim:
~$ sudo nano /var/www/html/index.php
Add the following code to the file:
echo "PHP is working!";
Save the file and exit the text editor. Now, open a web browser and navigate to http://localhost/index.php. You should see the message “PHP is working!”
In this article, we have discussed how to set up a standard Nginx, MariaDB, and PHP-FPM web stack on a Debian 8 system. We discussed the setup and configuration steps, and we tested the setup to verify that it is working properly.
Q. What versions of Nginx, MariaDB, and PHP-FPM are supported?
A. This setup has been tested with Nginx 1.10.2, MariaDB 5.5, and PHP-FPM 5.6. It should work with other versions of each if they are compatible with each other.
Q. How can I make sure that my setup is secure?
A. It is important to ensure that any web server setup is secure. Make sure that you are using strong passwords, keep your operating system and software up-to-date, and use a security plugin such as Wordfence for your website.
Q. What other software and libraries can I use with this setup?
A. This setup should work with most software and libraries that are compatible with Nginx, MariaDB, and PHP-FPM. Examples of libraries that you may want to install include ImageMagick and libxml.
Thank you for reading this article. Please read other articles to learn more about web server setup and development.