Cara Install Nginx Debian 4.9

Cara Install Nginx Debian 4.9


Debian 4.9 is a major release of the Debian Linux-based operating system. It is the first major version of the operating system to be based on the Linux 4.9 kernel, along with other major components such as the GNOME, KDE Plasma, and XServer graphical user interfaces. Debian 4.9 is a significant update, bringing improved security, hardware support, and many other software updates.

This article will provide instructions on how to install and configure Nginx on Debian 4.9. Nginx is a web server and reverse proxy that can be used for hosting websites, web applications, and APIs. With Nginx, you can take full control of your web traffic, including how it is managed and routed. Nginx also has many performance benefits, such as improved server response time and improved overall performance.

Installing Nginx

Before we can start installing Nginx, we need to install some dependencies on our system. To do this, we will first need to update our package lists and upgrade any existing packages.

The first step in installing Nginx on Debian 4.9 is to add the official Nginx repository to our sources list. To do this, execute the following command in the terminal:

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nginx/stable

Next, install the Nginx package using the following command:

$ sudo apt-get install nginx

If all goes well, Nginx should be installed successfully on your system. You can verify this by checking the version of Nginx with the following command:

$ nginx -v

Configuring Nginx

Now that Nginx is installed on our system, we need to configure it for our needs. The first step is to configure the Nginx configuration file. This is done by editing the nginx.conf file found in the /etc/nginx directory. This file contains the main configuration options for Nginx, such as the port that it will be listening on, the root directory that it will serve content from, and much more.

Once you have modified the nginx.conf file to your liking, you can start the Nginx service with the following command:

$ sudo systemctl start nginx

To ensure that Nginx is running properly, you can check the Nginx status with the following command:

$ sudo systemctl status nginx

If the output shows that Nginx is running, then you are good to go.

Creating Virtual Hosts

Nginx allows you to create virtual hosts, allowing you to serve multiple websites from a single server. Virtual hosts are created by adding a configuration file for each website in the /etc/nginx/sites-available directory. A symbolic link to each configuration file is then created in the /etc/nginx/sites-enabled directory, which allows Nginx to read the configuration.

To create a virtual host for your website, create a configuration file with the following content replacing with your actual domain name:

server {
listen 80;
root /var/www/;

After creating the configuration file, create a symbolic link to the file in the /etc/nginx/sites-enabled directory with the following command:

$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/ /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

To enable the new virtual host, you will need to reload the Nginx configuration with the following command:

$ sudo systemctl reload nginx

Installing PHP Processor

Nginx is a great web server, but it does not process PHP files. For this, you will need to install a compatible PHP processor, such as PHP-FPM. To do this, execute the following command in the terminal:

$ sudo apt-get install php7.4-fpm

Once installed, you will need to configure the php-fpm service to work with Nginx. To do this, add the following lines to the Nginx configuration file:

location ~ .php$ {
include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;

Once you have added the configuration, reload the Nginx configuration to apply the changes:

$ sudo systemctl reload nginx

At this point, Nginx and the PHP processor is installed and configured on your system. You should now be able to serve PHP websites and web applications.


In this article, we have provided instructions on how to install and configure Nginx on Debian 4.9. We have also provided instructions on how to create virtual hosts and how to install and configure a PHP processor. With these instructions, you should now be able to get up and running with Nginx quickly and easily.


Q: How do I check the status of Nginx?

A: To check the status of Nginx, you can use the command “$ sudo systemctl status nginx”.

Q: Where can I find the Nginx configuration file?

A: The Nginx configuration file can be found in the /etc/nginx directory.

Q: How do I enable a virtual host?

A: To enable a virtual host, create a Symbolic link to the configuration file in the /etc/nginx/sites-enabled directory and then reload Nginx with the command “$ sudo systemctl reload nginx”.

Q: How do I install a PHP processor?

A: To install a PHP processor, you can use the command “$ sudo apt-get install php7.4-fpm”.

Thank you for reading this article. Please read other articles for more information.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *